Several studies have shown an increasing trend of diabetes mellitus in Depok city. The objective of the study is to determine association of nutritional status on hyperglycemia incidence among the government employees in Depok city. The study used case-control design covering 47 cases and 94 controls, conducted between March – May 2009. Criteria for inclusion is government employees age 40 year old or above, fasting blood glucose is > 126 mg/dl for case and ≤ 126 for control group. Variabel collected for the study are fasting blood glucose, weight, height, socio-demographic characteristics, food consumption pattern and blood pressure. Bivariate (Chi-square test) and multivariate (logistic regression) analysis were used to determine the association. The results reveal that hyperglycemia is significantly (p<0,05) associated with body mass index (BMI) and family history of hyperglycemia after controlling confounding factor of protein consumption. The risk of hyperglycemia is 5,06 times among subjects with BMI ≥ 25,1 and 6,63 times among subjects with family history of hyperglycemia.
|Publication status||Published - 2009|