Pedicle screw position changing policy for nerve injury problems during screw insertion on thoracolumbar compression fractures

Rahyussalim, Ifran Saleh, M. Fajrin Armin, Tri Kurniawati, Ahmad Yanuar Safri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring (IONM) had important role related to the complications in spinal surgery. Somatosensory Evoked Potential (SSEP), Transcranial electric Muscle Evoked Potentials (tceMEPs), and free run EMG are parameters used to asses functional integrity of the nervous system during surgical procedures. Once warning signal was recognized, surgeon have to make a precise decision to overcome that problem. Presentation of case We present a 47-year old male with back pain due to compression fracture of thoracic vertebra T12 and lumbar vertebrae L1. While stabilizing through the posterior approach on the T11 and 12 as well as L2 and L3, the SSEP monitor showed 50% reduction in the waveform as the pedicle screw was inserted at the left side of T12. The instrumentation was changed into vertebra thoracal T10, T11, and vertebrae lumbar L2, L3. The SSEP normalized and post operatively pain decreased. After surgery there was no neurological deficit. Discussion Acute trauma as a result of spine instrumentation may provoke significant edema, with mass effect causing neurophysiological dysfunction. Administration of intravenous steroid would do at this stage, followed by constant infusion for following 24–48 h, may help ameliorating the mass effect and improving the neurologic outcome. Alternatively, immediate pedicle screw changing policy showed absolute recovery of nerve injury. Conclusion Insertion of pedicle screw in spinal surgery has a risk of complication that could be treated by pedicle screw changing policy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Intra operative monitoring
  • Nerve injury
  • Pedicle screw placement
  • SSEP

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