Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is an important cause of mortality in burn injury. Pediatric Organ Logistic Dysfunction (PELOD)-2 score as a descriptive scoring system for organ dysfunction has been highly predictive of mortality in children with suspected infection, but its usefulness for burn patients is unknown. All pediatric burn patients hospitalized in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital (CMH) in Jakarta, Indonesia, from January 2012 to January 2017 were studied. Gender, age, nutritional status, burn characteristics, total body surface area burned (%TBSA), depth of burn, inhalation injury, time interval to resuscitation and surgery, day one ABSI and PELOD-2 score, and mortality as outcome were recorded. Bivariate and multivariate analysis logistic regressions were done to generate a mortality prediction model. Mortality rate among subjects was 20.3%. Bivariate analysis showed that extensive %TBSA, depth of burn, presence of inhalation injury, PELOD-2 score and ABSI score in pediatric burn patients were significantly associated with mortality (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, only PELOD-2 score was independently associated with mortality. PELOD-2 score mortality prediction rate was far lower than actual mortality. Mortality rate by the new model was close to the actual mortality rate. Our new combined model could be used to calculate probability of death based on day 1 PELOD-2 score in pediatric burn patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||Pediatric logistic organ dysfunction-2 (PELOD-2) score as a model for predicting mortality in pediatric burn injury|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jun 2019|
- PELOD-2 score