Particulate Matter 10 and The Incidence of Acute Respiratory Infectionsin Children in an Industrial Stone-carving Area in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Haeranah Ahmad, Ririn Arminsih Wulandari, Zakianis, Yulia Khairina Ashar, Fajrin Nur Azizah

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Stone carving, which is a common craft industry throughout Allakuang village, has the potential to produce particulate matter 10 (PM 1010 ) during the cutting and grinding of stone. This can result in air pollution in the workplace, as well as in the homes of local residents. PM 1010 is a risk factor for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children. This study aimed to determine the association between exposure to dust PM 1010inside homes and the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Allakuang village, Maritengngae subdistrict, Sidrap, South Sulawesi, Indonesia and consisted of 101 children. ARI cases were based on a doctor's diagnosis. The concentration of PM 1010 in the workplace was assessed using a Haz-Dust EPAM 5000 monitor. Chi-square analysis and multiple logistic regression tests were conducted. The concentration of PM 1010was significantly associated with the incidence of ARIs (2.6; 1.1-6.1). The results of the multivariate analysis showed that children living in homes with PM 1010 concentrations that exceeded accepted limits had a 3.5 times higher risk of ARIs after adjusting for smoking behavior of family members. The significant association between the PM 1010concentration and incidence of ARIs in children found in this study points to the need to control stone dust in the stone carving craft industry to prevent indoor air pollution of homes close to the industrial area.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventThe 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016 (IMOPH) - ID, Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Jan 2018 → …

Conference

ConferenceThe 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016 (IMOPH)
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period1/01/18 → …

Keywords

  • PM10, acute respiratory infection, children, craft stone carving.

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    Ahmad, H., Wulandari, R. A., Zakianis, Ashar, Y. K., & Azizah, F. N. (2018). Particulate Matter 10 and The Incidence of Acute Respiratory Infectionsin Children in an Industrial Stone-carving Area in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Paper presented at The 2nd International Meeting of Public Health 2016 (IMOPH), Depok, Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.18502/kls.v4i4.2311