Participation in college organizations enhances self-esteem: A group value model perspective

Eko Hermanto, Mahira Syafana Kuswanto, Ocky Jhon Gumilang Hidayat, Sali Rahadi Asih

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


College provides opportunities for students to enrich themselves through involvement in academic and non-academic activities. Previous studies have found that undergraduate students' involvement in various social groups, such as school organizations, affects their self-esteem. However, these effects have not been widely studied in Indonesia. This study assessed the effects of group membership on self-esteem, especially pride in being a group member and the experience of being respected by other group members. Self-esteem was categorized as either personal or collective, and group membership was assessed using a scale developed by Smith and Tyler. Personal self-esteem was assessed using the Indonesian adaptation of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Collective self-esteem was measured using the Collective Self-Esteem Scale. The study consisted of 112 college students who were members of the Faculty Student Executive Board. Results showed that both pride and respect significantly predicted personal self-esteem and collective self-esteem. Individually, only respect significantly predicted personal self-esteem, while both pride and respect significantly predicted collective self-esteem. From the model's findings, we can conclude that involvement in college organizations can enhance one's self-esteem.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPsychological Aspects of Student Performance
Subtitle of host publicationLearning from Studies in an Indonesian Context
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781536174823
ISBN (Print)9781536168914
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2020


  • College students
  • Group membership
  • Group value model
  • Self-esteem


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