Partial replacement of non renewable fossil fuels energy by the use of waste materials as alternative fuels

V. Indrawati, Azwar Manaf, G. Purwadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports recent investigations on the use of biomass like rice husk, palm kernel shell, saw dust and municipal waste to reduce the use of fossil fuels energy in the cement production. Such waste materials have heat values in the range approximately from 2,000 to 4,000 kcal/kg. These are comparable to the average value of 5800 kcal/kg from fossil materials like coals which are widely applied in many industrial processing. Hence, such waste materials could be used as alternative fuels replacing the fossil one. It is shown that replacement of coals with such waste materials has a significant impact on cost effectiveness as well as sustainable development. Variation in moisture content of the waste materials, however should be taken into account because this is one of the parameter that could not be controlled. During fuel combustion, some amount of the total energy is used to evaporate the water content and thus the net effective heat value is less.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Workshop on Advanced Material for New and Renewable Energy, AMNRE
Pages179-184
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2009
EventInternational Workshop on Advanced Material for New and Renewable Energy, AMNRE - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Jun 200911 Jun 2009

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1169
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

ConferenceInternational Workshop on Advanced Material for New and Renewable Energy, AMNRE
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period9/06/0911/06/09

Keywords

  • Alternative fuels
  • Coal
  • Heat value
  • Waste materials

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