Parenting style and empathy in children: The mediating role of family communication patterns

Sarrah Hasyim Abdullah, Rose Mini Agoes Salim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Behavior problems among children in Indonesia are still high. The
number of children involved in legal problems shows that there are
existing moral problems. A crucial component in morals is empathy.
Family, as the primary system in a child's life, has a significant
influence on the development of empathy in children. This research
was conducted to analyze the effect of parenting style on empathy in
children through family communication patterns in early childhood in
Indonesia. As many as 233 parents of 6 – 8-year-old children
participated in this study. The Parental Authority QuestionnaireRevised, Basic Empathy Scale - Parent Report (BES-PR) and Family
Communication Patterns-Revised (FCP-R) were used to collect the
data. The results of this study indicate that family communication
patterns mediate the relationship between parenting style and
empathy in children. Conversational communication pattern mediate
the effect of both authoritative parenting and permissive parenting on
child's empathy independently. Conformity communication pattern
only mediate the influence of authoritarian parenting on empathy in
children. The current findings add information about the
understanding about parenting strategies and interactions as well as
the role of the family in the development of empathy in children.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHumanitas: Indonesian Psychological Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2020


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