Introduction: : Acute respiratory tract infections (ARIs) are a significant part of the disease burden in Indo-nesia. The increase in the number of vehicles has been one of the significant contributing factors of air pollution in Indonesia. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in eight public health centers in Jakarta and used a self-reported instrument on parental knowledge on the effects of vehicle emission and The Motorcycle Rider Behavior Questionnaire. Results: Mothers who received had higher education, employed, higher income, had history of previous ARIs, and higher knowledge showed better preventive behaviors (p-value <0.05). Most parents had adequate knowledge on the health consequences of vehicular emissions (91.9%). Item in which 90% or more answered corrected was: “smoke and dust are harmful”, while the lowest percentage of corrected answer was “cough, runny nose, fever, and short of breath are ARIs symptoms. Over half showed poor preventive behaviors (51.8%). Item in which 20% or more answered as ‘often practice’ was “used a child safety jacket on motorcycle”. While the lowest percentage (<5%) of often and always practices were: “use gloves when riding a motorcycle with children”. In the multivariable analysis, age, educational level, employment status, family income, history of previous ARIs, and knowledge (β=0.62, p=0.001) were the factors associated with preventive behaviors towards vehicle emission associated with ARIs. Conclusion: Parental adequate knowledge and poor preventive behaviors towards vehicular emission as-sociated with ARIs. Interventions targeting children from parents with lower educational is of importance to reduce the burden of ARIs.
- Acute respiratory tract infections
- Parental education
- Public health centers
- Under- five children
- Vehicle emissions