Pancreatic cancer early detection using twin support vector machine based on kernel

Wismaji Sadewo, Zuherman Rustam, Hamidah Hamidah, Alifah Roudhoh Chusmarsyah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Early detection of pancreatic cancer is difficult, and thus many cases of pancreatic cancer are diagnosed late. When pancreatic cancer is detected, the cancer is usually well developed. Machine learning is an approach that is part of artificial intelligence and can detect pancreatic cancer early. This paper proposes a machine learning approach with the twin support vector machine (TWSVM) method as a new approach to detecting pancreatic cancer early. TWSVM aims to find two symmetry planes such that each plane has a distance close to one data class and as far as possible from another data class. TWSVM is fast in building a model and has good generalizations. However, TWSVM requires kernel functions to operate in the feature space. The kernel functions commonly used are the linear kernel, polynomial kernel, and radial basis function (RBF) kernel. This paper uses the TWSVM method with these kernels and compares the best kernel for use by TWSVM to detect pancreatic cancer early. In this paper, the TWSVM model with each kernel is evaluated using a 10-fold cross validation. The results obtained are that TWSVM based on the kernel is able to detect pancreatic cancer with good performance. However, the best kernel obtained is the RBF kernel, which produces an accuracy of 98%, a sensitivity of 97%, a specificity of 100%, and a running time of around 1.3408 s.

Original languageEnglish
Article number667
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020


  • Linear kernel
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Polynomial kernel
  • RBF kernel
  • Twin support vector machine


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