Palliative interatrial septum stenting with a vascular stent in a chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension patient: Is it beneficial?

Swastya Dwi Putra, Radityo Prakoso, Aditya Agita Sembiring, Damba Dwisepto Aulia Sakti, Suko Adiarto, Arwin Saleh Mangkuanom, Yovi Kurniawati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a serious disease that can progress and lead to a deadly outcome. Despite optimal drug therapy, pulmonary hypertension (PH) remains fatal. Untreatable right heart failure (RHF) from CTEPH is eventually a significant cause of death. However, unloading the right heart and increasing systemic output are the treatment goals in these patients. Case presentation: A 42-year-old female presented to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea experienced for three days before admission. There were also complaints of leg edema, ascites, orthopnea, and palpitation. Physical examination revealed an attenuated second heart sound, abdominal ascites, and bilateral leg edema. She had a history of frequent readmissions due to RHF despite optimal medical therapy and was diagnosed with CTEPH 5 months ago. It was decided that the patient would undergo interatrial septal (IAS) stenting with a vascular stent of 8 mm × 39 mm × 135 cm. The results were good; her symptoms and signs of RHF improved, and she was eventually discharged from the hospital. Four months after the procedure, the patient was able to engage in physical activities without any limitations. Conclusions: A palliative IAS stent is one of the choices for intractable RHF management in patients with CTEPH. The vascular stent can be used as an alternative in order to make the interatrial connection more stable and last longer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70
JournalEgyptian Heart Journal
Volume75
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Atrial septostomy
  • Case report
  • CTEPH
  • Interatrial septum stenting
  • Vascular stent

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