Organ- and species-specific biological activity of rosmarinic acid

R. Iswandana, B. T. Pham, W. T. van Haaften, T. Luangmonkong, D. Oosterhuis, H. A.M. Mutsaers, P. Olinga

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34 Citations (Scopus)


Rosmarinic acid (RA), a compound found in several plant species, has beneficial properties, including anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. We investigated the toxicity, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrotic effects of RA using precision-cut liver slices (PCLS) and precision-cut intestinal slices (PCIS) prepared from human, mouse, and rat tissue. PCLS and PCIS were cultured up to 48 h in the absence or presence of RA. Gene expression of the inflammatory markers: IL-6, IL-8/CXCL1/KC, and IL-1β, as well as the fibrosis markers: pro-collagen 1a1, heat shock protein 47, α-smooth muscle actin, fibronectin (Fn2) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were evaluated by qPCR. RA was only toxic in murine PCIS. RA failed to mitigate the inflammatory response in most models, while it clearly reduced IL-6 and CXCL1/KC gene expression in murine PCIS at non-toxic concentrations. With regard to fibrosis, RA decreased the gene levels of Fn2 and PAI-1 in murine PCLS, and Fn2 in murine PCIS. Yet, no effect was observed on the gene expression of fibrosis markers in human and rat PCIS. In conclusion, we observed clear organ- and species-specific effects of RA. RA had little influence on inflammation. However, our study further establishes RA as a potential candidate for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology in Vitro
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016


  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antifibrotic
  • Precision-cut intestinal slices
  • Precision-cut liver slices
  • Rosmarinic acid
  • Toxicity


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