Optimizing the performance of Li4Ti5O12/LTO by addition of silicon microparticle in half cell litium-ion battery anode

B. Priyono, P. W. Winowatan, A. Z. Syahrial, Faizah, A. Subhan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The demand of lithium-ion battery (LIB) has been increased for high power application in transportation system. Thus, the current use of graphite as anode material needs to be replaced, due to formation of unwanted solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer consuming intercalated Li+ that reduces the LIB performance and may cause ignition of the battery in high load usage. One of the candidates for anode material to replace graphite is lithium titanate (LTO), since the LTO does not form SEI and exhibits high-power with outstanding safety properties. This LTO compound was synthesized by mixing the TiO2 xerogel of anatase phase and lithium carbonate (Li2CO3) as a source of lithium-ion followed by sintering at temperatures of 750°C to obtain the LTO with spinel crystalline phase. However, the LTO has the low theoretical capacity, i.e: 175 mAh/g, with real specific capacity obtained is at 114 mAh/g. To increase the LTO specific capacity, the addition of 10, 20 and 30 wt.% silicon microparticle which has theoretical capacity of 4200 mAh/g was conducted during preparation of the slurry anode mixture to minimize the formation of SiO2. Anode sheet was made with Si/LTO and assembled into half-cell coin battery with lithium metal sheet as the counter electrode. Electro-impedance spectroscopy (EIS), Cyclic voltammetry (CV), and charge discharge (CD) testing were conducted to examine the battery performance. From EIS testing, the lowest impedance was obtained for the sample of 20 wt.% Si, while the highest impedance value obtained in 30 wt.% Si. The CV testing shows that the highest capacity at 141.1 mAh/g is achieved at the composition of 10 wt.% Si. Finally, from the CD testing, this Si/LTO anode could withstand the charge-discharge until 12 C and shows good stability until 100 cycles. From EIS and CV testing known that the optimum composition having the best performance is ranging from 10 wt.% to 20 wt.% Si. It is predicted that at higher composition, the pulverization of Si particle is occurred declining the performance of Si/LTO anode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012121
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2018
Event2nd International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 3 Oct 20174 Oct 2017


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