Optimizing the dual elemental thermal reactive deposition time in carbide layer formation on SUJ2 tool steel

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Abstract

This paper presents developments contributing to the improvement of thermo-reactive deposition (TRD) process in producing hard carbide layers, on automotive components application. The problem in using FeV powder as a coating material that has been applied in the industries is it is high cost. In this study, FeCr powder coating material was mixed into FeV powder with a ratio of 35:65 weight percent. The SUJ2 steel pins components are processed at 980°C, with varying TRD time was 4,6,8 and 10 hours. Scanning Electron microscope (SEM), Electron Probe Micro Analyzer (EPMA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were applied to analyze the coating layers. The thickness of the carbide layer formed will increase with the longer processing time, which thickness at 4-10 hours is increase from 22.7 to 29.7 micron. The gained thickness tends to be homogeneous. Increasing the TRD process holding time results in a higher hardness of the carbide layerwith hardness at 4, 6, 8 and 10 hours is 2049, 2184, 2175 and 2343 HV. The wear rate at TRD holding time of 4-10 hours with the Ogoshi method was reduced from 5.1 × 10 -4 mm 3 /m to 2.5 × 10 -4 mm 3 /m. Optical microscope observations shows that substrate phases consisting of pearlite and cementite and grains that tend to enlarge with the addition of time. Carbide compounds that are formed are vanadium carbide (V 8 C 7 , V 6 C 5 , V 2 C) and chromium carbide (Cr 3 C 2 , Cr 23 C 7 , Cr 3 C 7 ). While EDS-Linescan results show complex phase (Fe, V, Cr) xC formed. The research shows that addition of FeCr into FeV powder in TRD process in 980°C with optimum time of 10 hours processing meet the mechanical properties requirement of automotive components.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials, ISMM 2017
Subtitle of host publicationMetallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development
EditorsM. Yunan Hasbi, Daniel Panghihutan Malau, Dhyah Annur, M. Ikhlasul Amal, Satrio Herbirowo, Yulinda Lestari
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416697
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2018
Event1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 24 Oct 201725 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1964
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference1st International Seminar on Metallurgy and Materials: Metallurgy and Advanced Material Technology for Sustainable Development, ISMM 2017
CountryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period24/10/1725/10/17

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