Optimization study of alkyl polyglycoside C12 synthesis using indirect method

Febri P.A. Kinanti, Dyah U.C. Rahayu, Agnesya P. Gustianthy, Yuni K. Krisnandi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Alkyl polyglycosides (APGs) are classified as non-ionic and green surfactants that can be synthesized from renewable materials such as glucose and fatty alcohol. APGs are commonly applied as surfactants in enhancing oil recovery (EOR) since APGs exhibit excellent interfacial activities, emulsified abilities, foaming performance, and wettabilities. In this research, the mixture of APG C12 was synthesized following the indirect method, which was consisted of two stages, i.e. butanolysis and transacetalization. Butanolysis was carried out by reacting glucose in technical grade with 1-butanol (1:2.8, m/m) and PTSA catalyst 1 mol% at 106°C for 6h. The mixture of APG C4 from butanolysis then was further applied in transacetalization without purification by adding 1-dodecanol with some optimizations, i.e. mass ratio of 1-dodecanol, reaction time, and temperature. The optimum condition to afford the APG C12 mixture was the mass ratio of glucose in technical grade and 1-dodecanol 1:7.5 m/m with PTSA catalyst 0.5 mol% at 115°C for 4h. All the mixture of APGs were analyzed for its remaining reducing sugar level using Benedict's test and further characterized using FTIR, UV-Vis, and LC-MS/MS. Moreover, physical characteristic tests such as compatibility, emulsion stability, solubility, and interfacial tension tests were also conducted on all the mixture of APGs. This study reveals that APGs can be synthesized using the indirect method with moderate to good physical characteristics which can be used for EOR surfactant for further application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Seminar on Chemistry
EditorsYuly Kusumawati, Adi Setyo Purnomo
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735441002
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jun 2021
Event4th International Seminar on Chemistry, ISoC 2021 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 7 Oct 20208 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference4th International Seminar on Chemistry, ISoC 2021


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