Optimization of inverse-Prandtl of Dissipation in standard k-ε Turbulence Model for Predicting Flow Field of Crossflow Turbine

Candra Damis Widiawaty, Ahmad Indra Siswantara, Gun Gun R. Gunadi, Mohamad Arif Andira, Budiarso, Muhammad Arif Budiyanto, M. Hilman Gumelar Syafei, Dendy Adanta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the successful use of the Standard k − ε model in simulating turbulent flow for many industrially relevant flows, the model is still less accurate for a range of important problems, such as unconfined flows, curved boundary layers, rotating flows, and recirculating flows. As part of the authors’ effort to extend the model applicability and reliability, this paper aims to study the effects of diffusivity parameter called the turbulent Prandtl number of dissipation rate (σε) on the Standard k − ε model performance for predicting recirculating flow in a crossflow water turbine. The value of this parameter was varied from 0.5 to 1.5 in the CFD simulations, and the results were compared to the more sophisticated k − ε model, namely the RNG k − ε, which has been first qualitatively validated by an experimental result. In addition, the parameter value was also adjusted using the Multi-Linear Regression (MLR) method ranging from 0.42 to 1.5 to complement the CFD simulations. It was observed that reducing the σε value is effective in minimizing the average deviation of the turbulence properties concerning the RNG k − ε model. However, the adjusted k − ε model still faces difficulty in accurately predicting the pressure and velocity field. Based on this result, adjusting the σε constant in the Standard k − ε turbulence model has the potential to improve the model performance for modelling recirculating flow in terms of the turbulence properties, but still needs further investigation for the flow properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-127
Number of pages16
JournalCFD Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Crossflow water turbine
  • K − ε turbulence model
  • Reynolds-averaged Navier-stokes
  • Turbulence modeling
  • Turbulent flows


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