Optimization of integrated biofuel production through green industry approach and carbon footprint analysis

Bambang Heru Susanto, Vanya Frischia Hanggono

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Majority of the world's source of energy still being fulfilled by fossil fuels that has become one of the largest contributors of carbon emission. Hence, ways of increasing biofuels have been created. There are several ways for the biofuel industries to produce biofuel, such as hydroprocess reaction that is consist of two steps, hydrodeoxygenation and hydrocracking and will result in variety of biofuels that have the closest characteristics to fossil fuels. The increasing activity of industries, including biofuel industry produces higher amount of carbon emission, and of the ways to minimize the effects by applying the green industry concept. In this research, the simulation is done using unisim simulator by varying the operating temperature of 250-350°C and operating pressure of 10-50 barr for edible and non-edible oil as the raw materials. The optimization of hydroprocess reaction is then analyzed through green industry approach with some criteria which are efficiency of raw material, yield, energy usage and carbon emission derived from the process using AHP method to decide the optimum operating condition. The result showed that non-edible oil at 290°C and 40 barr as the optimal process with conversion rate of 99%. The carbon emission is 13,024,281 kg CO2/year.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2019
EditorsEny Kusrini, I. Gde Dharma Nugraha
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735420144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2020
Event4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 14 Aug 201916 Aug 2019

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2255
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference 2019, i-TREC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityBali
Period14/08/1916/08/19

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