Optimization of dose and image quality of paediatric cardiac catheterization procedure

Lukmanda Evan Lubis, Ika Bayuadi, Supriyanto Ardjo Pawiro, Kwan Hoong Ng, Hilde Bosmans, Djarwani Soeharso Soejoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study is to quantify the quality of the available imaging modes for various iodine-based contrast agent concentration in paediatric cardiology. The figure of merit (FOM) was defined as the squared signal to noise ratio divided by a patient dose related parameter. An in house constructed phantom simulated a series of vessel segments with iodine concentrations from 10% or 30 mg/cc to 16% or 48 mg/cc of iodine in a blood plasma solution, all within the dimensional constraints of a paediatric patient. The phantom also used test inserts of tin (Sn). Measurements of Entrance Surface Air Kerma (ESAK) and exit dose rate were performed along with calculations of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of all the objects. A first result showed that it was favourable to employ low dose fluoroscopy mode and lower frame rate modes in cine acquisition if dynamic information is not critical. Normal fluoroscopy dose mode provided a considerably higher dose level (in comparison to low dose mode) with only a slight improvement in SNR. Higher frame rate cine modes should be used however when the clinical situation dictates so. This work also found that tin should not be intended as iodine replacement material for research purposes due to the mismatching SNR, particularly on small vessel sizes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-668
Number of pages10
JournalPhysica Medica
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015


  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Dose
  • Figure of merit
  • Image quality
  • Optimization
  • Paediatric


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