Optimation the process and production of polyurethane foam from soybean oil

Flora Elvistia Firdaus, Muhammad Dachyar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Polyurethane (PU) foams are widely used in the industry, because of the unique physical properties ranging from soft to rigid. The research on polymer using renewables sources urged to be developed, without exception to PU it was supported by enormous resources which possible to replace the decline reserved for petroleum. This work was done by processing 2,4-toluene and 2,6-toluene di Isocyanate isomers to be blended to soy-polyols forming foam formation as a balanced reaction between blowing and gelation. The best catalyst concentration can control the reaction and the synergistic to chain extender can achieve foam stability. It was found the best concentration was 1% (v/v) sulfuric acid at temperature 600C. The method used in this research was a one-shot system. The goals were to determine the best process and production of PU. The chain extender used in this work was ethylene glycol, methanol, and butanol. The sulfuric acid was used for the catalysis and comparison purposes the butanol was catalyzed by bentonite. The morphology of the foam cellular, density, compressive strength was determined to support data.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd African International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 2020
PublisherIEOM Society
Pages1091-1098
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781792361234
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event2nd African International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2020 - Harare, Zimbabwe
Duration: 7 Dec 202010 Dec 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management
Volume59
ISSN (Electronic)2169-8767

Conference

Conference2nd African International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, IEOM 2020
CountryZimbabwe
CityHarare
Period7/12/2010/12/20

Keywords

  • Hydroxy initiator
  • One-shot system method
  • Polyol
  • Polyurethane foam
  • Soybean oil

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