Lipase is known to have an important role in the industrial field. Lipase can be produced by molds, yeasts, and bacteria. The research aimed to increase the activity of lipase produced by Bacillus halodurans CM1. Lipase activity can be improved by optimization of the composition of the media, the mutation of bacteria with gamma radiation and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (NTG). The enzyme was concentrated by stirred-cell ultrafiltration method (UF)-ammonium sulfate and UF-Polyethylene glycol (PEG). The activity test was performed on seven different media to get production media. The eight variables of the media composition were optimized by PlackettBurman design. The bacteria were subject to mutation by using 0.1–0.4 kGy dose of gamma radiation and 0.05–0.15 mg/mL NTG with incubation time for 1–3 hours. The results showed that the production media used based on optimization and composition of Plackett-Burman media was Bora Bora medium that containing 0.5% palm oil (PO) and 0.09% CaCl2. Optimum lipase activity was produced by the bacterium that mutated with 0.1 mg/mL NTG, incubated for 3 hours. The concentrated by UF-ammonium sulfate and UF-PEG could increase the lipase activity by 18.44%.
- Bacillus halodurans; enzyme concentration; lipase; mutation; optimization