Obesity as a common type-2 diabetes comorbidity: Eating behaviors and other determinants in Jakarta, Indonesia

Isna Aulia Fajarini, Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity is a common comorbidity of type-2 diabetes and one of the most modifiable risk factors for preventing other comorbid conditions, such as diabetic nephropathy and cardiovascular disease. Using a cross-sectional design, this study aimed to determine eating behavior, factors related with obesity and the dominant factor of obesity in patients with type-2 diabetes. Data were collected from 133 members of the Chronic Disease Countermeasure Program in Jatinegara Primary Health Care, East Jakarta, that were selected using purposive sampling. Food intake was assessed by 1 × 24-hour food recall and the Food Frequency Questionnaire, Physical activity was assessed by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results showed that 63.9% of the surveyed type-2 diabetics were obese (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2) and that the respondents consumed more fat than the recommended value (30.77% ± 9.06%) but less energy than the required value (62.06% ± 23.67%). The prevalence of obesity among adults with type-2 diabetes could be associated with nutritional knowledge, education level, and the length of suffering from the disease. Nutritional knowledge was found to be a dominant factor associated with obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-163
Number of pages7
JournalKesmas
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Diabetes comorbidity
  • Diabetes patients
  • Obesity

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