Nutritional status of hospitalized nonsurgery patients at a nationwide referral hospital in Indonesia

Ina Farhaniah, Adiningsih Srilestari, Kemas Abdurrohim, Abdul Latif

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Surgical extraction of impacted third (odontectomy) may cause complications such as pain, swelling and trismus. Thereby affecting the quality of life of patients. Acupuncture has proven beneficial for the management of dental pain postsurgery in patients with impacted third molars. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of electroacupuncture and medications after surgical extraction of impacted third molar. A total of 44 patients undergoing impacted mandibular third molar extraction were randomly divided into two groups (n = 22 each) based on the type of treatment: experimental (electroacupuncture and medications) and control (sham electroacupuncture and medications). The experimental group received low intensity stimulations on points ST6 and ST7 on the side to be operated, and LI4 and LR3 bilaterally, for 20 minutes at a frequency of 3/15 Hz. In the control group, electroacupuncture was performed by placing the needles on the tape at the same points without penetrating the skin or turning the electrostimulator. Mefenamic acid (3 x 500 mg) and amoxicillin (3 x 500 mg) were provided to the patient after surgery. The pain-free time interval was assessed shortly after surgery. Assessment of visual analog scale (VAS) score was performed on days 1, 3, and 7 postsurgery while an interincisal-distance assessment was performed on days 3 and 7 post-surgery. Significant differences in the pain-free time interval, VAS score, and interincisal-distance were noted in the treatment group when compared with the control group (p < 0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1416-1420
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Electroacupuncture
  • Interincisal-distance
  • Odontectomy
  • Pain-free time
  • Visual analog scale (VAS)

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