Nutrition Education Effect on Anemia Incidence in Female Adolescents: Meta-Analysis for Future Health Post-COVID-19 Pandemic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Female adolescents are at a heightened risk of anemia due to inadequate iron intake and absorption, blood loss during menstruation, and an escalated need for iron to support rapid growth. This study examined the impact of nutrition education on the incidence of anemia in adolescent girls. The investigation was conducted through a systematic review and meta-analysis, employing articles from reputable sources such as Google Scholar, JAMA Network, PubMed, ScienceDirect, The New England Journal of Medicine, Lancet, and ProQuest, published between 2013 and 2021. The keywords for data retrieval were "nutrition education" and "adolescent anemia girls." Furthermore, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guideline was used to select and organize publications for this study. Using Review Manager 5.3 Software, full-text articles meeting meta-analysis criteria were selected, resulting in 7 out of the 257 retrieved articles being included. The findings suggested that nutrition education indeed impacts the incidence of anemia in adolescent girls (p-value<0.001; aOR = 2.10; 95% CI = 1.60-2.76).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalKesmas
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • anemia
  • health promotion
  • meta-analysis
  • nutrition education

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