NURSING DYSPHAGIA SCREENING TO PREVENT THE OCCURRENCE OF PNEUMONIA IN STROKE PATIENTS IN INDONESIA: A LITERATURE REVIEW

Siti Aisah, Agung Waluyo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dysphagia is a frequent complication in stroke. Patients with dysphagia have a potential risk of
pneumonia, malnutrition, dehydration, increased the length of stay and even death. One of nursing
intervention that is considered important in the management of stroke patients is dysphagia screening
because it can reduce aspiration and pneumonia and other complications that can occur in dysphagia. The
study aimed at describing the nursing dysphagia screening to prevent the occurrence of pneumonia in
stroke patients in Indonesia. This paper used a literature review. The literature search was conducted of
articles published from January 2008 through October 2018 using the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library
and EBSCOhost databases on compared three of dysphagia screening. This search resulted in a total of 6
articles. Evidence has indicated that The National Institutes Of Health Stroke Scale Screening is
considered to be the most effective type of dysphagia screening in preventing pneumonia in stroke
patients who experience dysphagia. The NIHSS has a sensitivity value, specificity, positive predictive
value, and negative predictive value that is quite good and considered safe to be applied in screening for
dysphagia in stroke patients in Indonesia.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing and Health Services
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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