Nursing Care on HIV/AIDS-Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Qualitative Descriptive Study of Nurse’s Perspective in Indonesia

Kurniawan Kurniawan, Herni Susanti, Mustikasari Mustikasari, Khoirunnisa Khoirunnisa, Nurlaila Fitriani, Iyus Yosep, Efri Widianti, Kusman Ibrahim, Maria Komariah, Sidik Maulana, Hidayat Arifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

HIV/AIDS-positive men who have had sex with men (MSM) account for roughly one-third of new infections in the region, with numerous nations facing a high and rising prevalence. They often face stigmatization and discrimination from society, including nurses. This study aims to explore nurses’ perspectives on caring for HIV/AIDS-infected MSM. A descriptive qualitative design was utilized. Fifteen nurses who cared for HIV/AIDS-positive MSM in the two hospitals in Jakarta, Indonesia, were recruited with purposive sampling techniques. A semi-structured and in-depth interview was conducted. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. We emerged three superordinate and nine subordinate themes: (1) negative nurse perceptions in the early phase of treatment, (2) nurse attitudes contrasting with negative perceptions, and (3) nurses with knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The negative perceptions appeared only at the beginning of the treatment phase, and thereafter, they were followed by a positive attitude. Nurses appeared to develop a better understanding after interacting with their patients and receiving training on HIV/AIDS. Therefore, intensive training is expected to not only increase their knowledge but to encourage a positive attitude.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2485
JournalHealthcare (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • men who have had sex with men
  • nursing care
  • perception
  • sexual and gender minorities

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