NT-proBNP levels as a predictor of higher left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in children with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect

Putria R. Apandi, Mulyadi M. Djer, Rahmat B. Kuswiyanto, Elrika A. Wijaya, Bagus Artiko, Sri E. Rahayuningsih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The decision to close small ventricular septal defect is still controversial. Previous study showed that ventricular dysfunction in adulthood is correlated with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect. N terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a neurohormone secreted primarily from the ventricles in response to increased left and right ventricular pressure and volume load. The left ventricular end-diastolic pressure will reflect ventricular performance. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and the NT-proBNP in children with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Level of NT-proBNP in 41 patients with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect was measured before transcatheter closure procedure. We also measured the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure in each patients during catheterisation. We investigated the value of NT-proBNP in patients with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect and its correlation with the level of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. RESULT: We found positive correlation between NT-proBNP and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (r = 0.278, p = 0.046). The median of NT-proBNP at left ventricular end-diastolic pressure < 10 was lower than at left ventricular end-diastolic pressure ≥ 10 (0.87 ng/ml versus 1.83 ng/ml, p = 0.023). The results of the NT-proBNP diagnostic test for predicting left ventricular end-diastolic pressure ≥ 10 using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis showed the area under the curve value of 0.715 (95% CI: 0.546-0.849). The cut-off value >0.99 ng/ml of NT-proBNP has 75.0% sensitivity and 72.2% specifity. CONCLUSION: Level of NT-proBNP higher than 0.99 ng/ml was correlated significantly with left ventricular end-diastolic pressure ≥10 in children with small perimembranous ventricular septal defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2604-2609
Number of pages6
JournalCardiology in the Young
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • children
  • NT-proBNP
  • pediatric
  • Ventricular septal defect

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