Noninvasive blood pressure classification based on photoplethysmography using K-nearest neighbors algorithm: A feasibility study

Hendrana Tjahjadi, Kalamullah Ramli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Blood pressure (BP) is an important parameter for the early detection of heart disease because it is associated with symptoms of hypertension or hypotension. A single photoplethysmography (PPG) method for the classification of BP can automatically analyze BP symptoms. Users can immediately know the condition of their BP to ensure early detection. In recent years, deep learning methods have presented outstanding performance in classification applications. However, there are two main problems in deep learning classification methods: classification accuracy and time consumption during training. We attempt to address these limitations and propose a method for the classification of BP using the K-nearest neighbors (KNN) algorithm based on PPG. We collected data for 121 subjects from the PPG-BP figshare database. We divided the subjects into three classification levels, namely normotension, prehypertension, and hypertension, according to the BP levels of the Joint National Committee report. The F1 scores of these three classification trials were 100%, 100%, and 90.80%, respectively. Hence, it is validated that the proposed method can achieve improved classification accuracy without additional manual preprocessing of PPG. Our proposed method achieves higher accuracy than convolutional neural networks (deep learning), bagged tree, logistic regression, and AdaBoost tree.

Original languageEnglish
Article number93
JournalInformation (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • K-nearest neighbors
  • KNN
  • Machine learning
  • Photoplethysmography
  • PPG

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