High-density and high aspect-ratio ZnO nanowires were grown on Si(100) substrates by the thermal evaporation of metallic zinc powder without the use of metal catalysts or additives. The as-grown nanowires had diameters in the range of 60-100 nm with lengths 5-15 μm. Detailed structural characterization indicated that the obtained nanowires are single-crystalline with a perfect hexagonal facet and surfaces. The room temperature PL spectrum exhibited strong UV emission, affirming that the as-grown products have good optical properties. The possible growth mechanism for the formation of hexagonal-faceted and perfect surface ZnO nanowires is also discussed.
- A. ZnO nanowires
- B. Thermal evaporation
- C. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy
- D. Structural and optical properties