Need asseesment on maternal mental health care for perinatal mothers during COVID-19: A qualitative study

Lastri Winarni, Rita Damayanti, Yati Afiyanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: During COVID-19 pandemic, the isolation, socialization, and extreme changes in daily life have some potential mental health consequences which should be recognized as a critical public health concern, especially for perinatal mothers. Therefore, it is very important to assess the needs for maternal mental health care in perinatal mothers during COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to explore mothers' needs for maternal mental health care in the perinatal period during COVID-19 pandemic. Material and Methods: Realistic phenomenological approach was carried out in this qualitative study. The study was conducted at five community health centers in the city of Tangerang, Indonesia. In-depth interviews were conducted to 11 mothers who were pregnant, in labor, during puerperium and two months after giving birth with purposive sampling. Data were collected from May to August 2021. Interviews were conducted face to face, audio recorded, and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed by using Van Manen's phenomenological method. Result: Initial finding revealed 254 codes, which were then reduced to 122 codes, 98 sub-categories, 22 categories, and 5 themes. There were five themes related to mothers' needs for mental health care during COVID-19, i.e., health protocol during pandemic, psychological support, health education, simple coping mechanism, and support system. Conclusions: The needs can be fulfilled by the closest people the mothers have and healthcare system for perinatal mental health. Vaccination, health protocol, and psychological resilience should be delivered to mothers during COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-258
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • COVID-19
  • maternal health services
  • mental health
  • pregnant women


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