Two types of antibodies were differentiated in conventional Guinea pig anti-hen egg-white lysozyme (HEL) antisera. The specificities of both antibodies were directed to the loop I region (mainly directed to Cys64-Cys80 loop) but the antibodies were distinct in respect of reactivities with native HEL. One type of antibody reacted with HEL and loop-peptides of HEL but not with the completely reduced and car-boxymethylated form of loop-peptides (native conformation specific antibody: NC-Ab). On the other hand, the other type of antibody did not react with HEL but reacted with loop-peptides and also with the completely reduced and carboxymeth-ylated form of loop-peptides (non-native conformation specific antibody: NNC-Ab). The percentage of NNC-Ab in loop I reactive antibody fraction from pooled Guinea pig anti-HEL antisera obtained by two different immunization methods was about 25%. Since the affinities of the NNC-Ab to loop-related peptides were higher by one order of magnitude than those of the NC-Ab to the same peptides, care is necessary in evaluating antigenic determinants in native protein.The immunization of Guinea pigs with Ploop I II [sequence 57-107 (Cys64-Cys80, Cys76-Cys94)] evoked an antibody population having specificity similar to but not identical with that of the NNC-Ab type anti-loop I antibody in conventional anti-HEL antisera.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1985|