The photoreduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) to solar fuel has been attracting much attention as a new avenue not only for generating alternative energy but also reducing the negative environmental impact of CO2 emissions. During the past several years, tremendous efforts have been carried out in the search for active catalytic materials that can effectively facilitate such a process. Among various types of these materials, nanomaterials-based catalysts have been proven to exhibit excellent catalytic activity and selectivity. Recent progress on the application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic reduction of CO2 is presented in this chapter. In general, this chapter covers several aspects of the photocatalytic mechanism of CO2 reduction using nanomaterials-based catalysts. Furthermore, the catalytic performance, selectivity, and efficiency of different types of nanocatalysts, that is, metal-, metal oxide-, perovskites-, chalcogenide-, carbon-based nanomaterials, and nanocomposites-based nanocatalysts are also comprehensively highlighted. Finally, challenges and the future outlook for the deployment of such technology in a large-scale solar fuel generation application are also presented.
|Title of host publication||Nanomaterials for CO2 Capture, Storage, Conversion and Utilization|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
- Carbon dioxide
- Solar fuel