Nanocomposite of cellulose-ZnO/SiO2 as catalyst biodiesel methyl ester from virgin coconut oil

H. Helmiyati, R. P. Suci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A nanocomposite from cellulose-ZnO/SiO2 has been successfully synthesized. Cellulose derived from rice husk has been converted into nanocellulose, then used as nanocomposite support material. Nanosilica is derived from calcination of rice husk ash as filler which combined with ZnO nanoparticle. The combination of ZnO/SiO2 composite with nanocellulose biopolymers, a form of cellulose-ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposite. The success of this work is supported by characterization with FTIR, XRD, and SEM-mapping. The distribution for each element of the SEM-mapping shows the Si element as filler in the pores and spread on the cellulose surfaces and the element of ZnO distributed evenly throughout the surface of cellulose and silica. The nanocomposite was applied as heterogeneous catalyst for transesterification of virgin coconut oil into biodiesel methyl ester. The optimum reaction time at 270 minutes and temperature at 60 °C obtained the methyl ester yield at 95 %. Application of nanocomposite-based biopolymers as heterogeneous catalysts for transesterification of virgin coconut oil into biodiesel methyl esters was succeeded, and promising for catalysts in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences, ISCPMS 2018
EditorsTerry Mart, Djoko Triyono, Ivandini T. Anggraningrum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735419155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2019
Event4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201831 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2168
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference4th International Symposium on Current Progress in Mathematics and Sciences 2018, ISCPMS 2018
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period30/10/1831/10/18

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • catalyst
  • cellulose
  • nanocomposite
  • silica

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