This study evaluated the myocardial contrast effect and safety of polygelin colloid solution selectively injected into the coronary arteries in 25 patients during two-dimensional echocardiography. Six patients (group I) had selective intracoronary injections of nonagitated and 19 (group II) of hand-agitated polygelin colloid solution. Myocardial contrast was seen on two-dimensional echocardiographic cross sections in three patients of group I and in all patients of group II; in 16 patients it was also seen on M-mode echocardiograms. The contrast effect lasted for 15 to 60 seconds. The intensity of myocardial opacification was not significantly influenced by the amount of polygelin colloid solution injected, heart rate or cardiac size. The total number of contrast-enhanced segments after right and left coronary artery injections delineated the entire cross-sectional area in any given view. None of the patients developed symptoms during or immediately after the injections. One patient had transient second degree atrioventricular block after a right coronary wedge injection, one patient showed a QRS axis shift and two others had transient T wave changes. There were no aortic blood pressure changes and no significant serum enzyme (creatine kinase [CK], CK-MB fraction, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase) elevation or alterations of left ventricular function assessed echocardiographically. It is concluded that hand-agitated polygelin colloid solution is a useful and safe intracoronary contrast agent for delineating myocardial perfusion areas on two-dimensional echocardiography in humans.