Background: Treatment response in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is heterogenous. The Hans algorithm (using 30% cut-offs for CD10, BCL6, and MUM1 protein expression) has been the most favored method to categorize DLBCL into germinal center B-cell (GCB) and non-GCB subtypes in order to predict prognosis. However, the algorithm’s ability to prognosticate is not always consistent. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on DLBCL patients receiving R-CHOP therapy at Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta from 2014 to 2017. We aimed to compare the prognostic value of Hans algorithm as well as the protein levels of CD10, BCL6, MUM1, and Ki67 at different cut-offs. Ninety-two patients were classified based on Hans algorithm and various proteins at different cut-off values were analyzed with regard to event-free survival at 24 months using survival analysis. The cut-off values were then compared using receiver operating characteristic curves. Results: A significant survival difference was observed with MUM1 expression cut-off of 50% or more (log rank p = 0.035). CD10, BCL6, Ki67, and Hans algorithm showed AUCs below or near 0.5 (0.405, 0.436, 0.498, and 0.413, respectively), whereas MUM1 showed an AUC of 0.835, in predicting events within 24 months. MUM-1 cut-off of 70.5% yielded an optimal trade-off for sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion: MUM1 expression of 50% or more can help predict prognosis in DLBCL patients receiving R-CHOP therapy and can be considered as for use as a single marker to predict prognosis.
- Hans algorithm