Mual Muntah Pasien Pascavitrektomi: Perbedaan Rumatan Kombinasi Sevofluran 1,2%-Fentanil 1,2 μg/kgBB/jam dengan Rumatan Sevofluran 2%

Arif H. M. Marsaban, Christopher Kapuangan, Anggadria Iqbal Yulian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Combination of opioid and inhalation anesthesias has been commonly used for anesthesia maintenance due to their sinergystic effect. The effect of fentanyl-sevoflurane dosage to PONV incidence in vitrectomy surgery has never been studied. This study aimed to determine the difference in PONV incidence between combination of sevoflurane 1.2%-fentanyl 1.2 μg/kgBW/hour and sevoflurane 2% for anesthesia maintenance. This study was a single blind randomized study in vitrectomy patients with general anesthesia at Kirana Operating Theatre of Dr.Cipto Mangunkusumo National General Hospital during May–July 2015. Sixty two patients who were undergoing vitrectomy surgery with general anesthesia were randomized into sevofluran 1.2%- fentanil 1.2 μg/kgBW/hour group and sevoflurane 2% group. Postoperatively, the incidences of PONV were recorded. Data were collected by anamnesis method and analyzed by chi-square and Fisher test. There was a significant difference of nausea incidence between the two intervention groups within 0–2 hours postvitrectomy period (p<0.05) but no significant difference within 2–6 hours postvitrectomy period (p>0.05). In conclusion, sevoflurane 1.2%-fentanyl 1.2 μg/kgBW/hour has lower incidence of postvitrectomy nausea within the first 2 hour compared to sevoflurane 2%.
Original languageIndonesian
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalJurnal Anestesi Perioperatif
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

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