Modified activated carbon using nio for natural gas storage

Yuliusman, Mufiid Fatkhurrahman, Fadel Al Farouq, Salma Amaliani Putri, Samson Patar Sipangkar, Nasruddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The technology of natural gas adsorbed can be called Adsorbed Natural Gas (ANG) technology use porous adsorbents to adsorb natural gas. The material is activated carbon (AC), which has a large specific surface area. Activated carbon made from cassava peel waste because of abundance as agricultural waste in Indonesia. Cassava peel has a high cellulose and lignin content. Cassava peel through the carbonization process with furnace temperature 500 ° C in vacuum condition for 1.5 hours. Then, chemical activation with a different activator agent KOH and NaOH by mass ration (3:1). After that, physic activation with N2 and CO2 gas of 150 mL/minute using temperature muffle furnace 750 ° C. Product of physic activation modified using (Ni(NO3)2). Characterization of activated carbon performed with iodine test, SEM, EDX, adsorption, and desorption testers. The best of activated carbon is activated carbon impregnated KOH and with physic activation at 750 ° C, which has 612 mg / g of iodine number. Then, after activated carbon modified using (Ni(NO3)2) has the best performance with 1% NiO, has 662 mg/g of iodine number, and 657 m2 / g of SBET. Then, activated carbon through adsorption and desorption test by ANG technology has 0.02928 kg/kg of adsorption capacity and 39.17% of desorption percent.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research QiR 16
EditorsAnne Zulfia, Wahyuaji Narottama Putra
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages311-317
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9783035715996
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019 - Padang, Indonesia
Duration: 22 Jul 201924 Jul 2019

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume1000 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Quality in Research, QiR 2019
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityPadang
Period22/07/1924/07/19

Keywords

  • Activated Carbon
  • Adsorption
  • ANG
  • Cassava Peel
  • Iodine Number
  • NiO

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