Modelling of Fuel Filter Clogging of B20 Fuel Based on the Precipitate Measurement and Filter Blocking Test

Imam Paryanto, Ilyin Abdi Budianta, Kanya Citta Hani Alifia, Muhammad Arif Darmawan, Judistira, Tirto Prakoso, Antonius Indarto, Misri Gozan, IBNU MAULANA HIDAYATULLAH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The amount of precipitate and residue affects the timing of fuel filter blockage. This study develops a model for fuel filter blocking based on the Precipitate Measurement. Firstly, a modification of ASTM D 7501 for the Cold Soak Filtration Test (CSFT) measured the amount of precipitate in B20 fuel with variations of soaking temperatures and monoglyceride content in biodiesel. Then, a modified ASTM D 2068 for a filter blocking test (FBT) was conducted to correlate the impurities in the B20 fuel and the clogging limit effects represented by the change of pressure difference and time to reach a pressure drop of 30 kPa. Biodiesel B20 samples were prepared by adding monopalmitin so that each had a monoglyceride value of 0.2%, 0.4%, 0.6%, and 0.8% before blending with petroleum diesel. The modified CSFT showed that the amount of B0 impurity was almost zero. However, the amount of the B20 sample precipitate retained on the filter was higher when a lower soaking temperature and higher monoglyceride content was used in the biodiesel. Similar results in the modified FBT showed that the more impurities, the faster the pressure drop achieved a level of 30 kPa. A much shorter time was needed to reach the pressure drop of 30 kPa for B20 fuel samples with the impurities present in both test powders and precipitate compared to those for the B20 fuel samples with a single type of impurity (either test powders or precipitate). The fuel filter clogging time could also be predicted using the graph of fuel filter clogging time vs. the precipitate weight of B20 fuel derived from the FBT test if the precipitate weight had already been determined by the precipitation test (modified CSFT). The simulation model using Ergun’s equation for the FBT of the B20 fuel could also show similar results to that of the FBT experiment, with the difference (averaged errors) ranging from 4.15% to 5.79%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number84
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • B20 fuel
  • biodiesel
  • fuel filter blocking
  • precipitation


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