Modeling cluster development using programming methods: Case of Russian arctic regions

Tatiana Kudryavtseva, Skhvediani Angi Skhvediani, Mohammed Ali Berawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to show how the process of data analysis can be automated through development of an information system. The information system can be used for the identification of economic clusters and analysis of the regional potential for economic growth. The authors used data on the Russian Arctic regions with extreme social, geographical, and economic conditions collected from 2009 to 2016 as an example. The authors have designed a database using MS Access software. The authors used the methodology of the European cluster observatory and the approach suggested by M. Porter to identify economic clusters. This methodology was complemented by introduction parameters, which mirror the strength and employment dynamic of the clusters. Based on the employment data of 83 Russian regions during the period of 2009–2016 the authors have calculated cluster localization parameters for nine Russian regions, which are partly or fully located in the Arctic zone. The authors suggest that the cluster structure in this area is weak and most of the significant clusters are declining. The only significant cluster, which is growing in all regions, is the «Oil and Gas» cluster. In conclusion, the authors state that the obtained results are vital for policy makers and can be used for elaborating the regional economic development strategy in order to support regional diversification and specialization, which are closely related to positive spillovers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-176
Number of pages27
JournalEntrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Arctic region
  • Cluster identification
  • Data processing
  • Economic cluster
  • MS access
  • Regional policy making

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