Mode Split Analysis for Transportation in Residential and Office of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)

Mohammed Ali Berawi, Miranda Calista, Gunawan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a city concept that encourages public transport usage (transit). However, the development of the TOD in Jakarta is currently still focused on the development of residential buildings near the station. It causes a shift in the essence of TOD to TAD, Transit Adjacent Development, an area that is close to transit stations but does not trigger transit activities. Mixed land use is essential in the TOD area because the diversity of building functions will affect the transit activities of the community. To maximize the function of TOD, ridership information for each building function is needed to determine transportation mode selection. This study reviews residential and office buildings, while trains, buses, and private vehicles are transportation modes reviewed, to obtain ridership value that is expected to affect TOD area planning. Questionnaire surveys is performed as a data collection technique to acquire information that will be mathematically processed. The result shows that the mode split value of residential buildings is 47.1% for trains, 11.8% for buses, and 41.2% for private vehicles, while mode split value of office buildings for trains, buses, and private vehicles are 43.8%, 18.8%, and 37.5%, respectively. It indicates that train is the public transportation mode widely used by the users of residential and office buildings located in a 0-800 meters from transit stations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012051
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2021
Event4th International Conference on Eco Engineering Development 2020, ICEED 2020 - Banten, Indonesia
Duration: 10 Nov 202011 Nov 2020


  • mode split
  • office
  • residential
  • ridership
  • Transit oriented development


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