MMP-9 and CCR7 as Possible Predictors of Lymph Node Metastasis in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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Abstract

Background & Objective: The expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) is significantly associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. Little is known regarding the potential of these markers in predicting cancer metastasis in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (LSCC). Therefore, this study aimed to dissect the potential of these markers in predicting the lymph node metastasis in LSCC patients. Methods: Sixty tissue samples were obtained from the patients diagnosed pathologically with LSCC who underwent partial or total laryngectomy. The expression of MMP-9 and CCR7 was measured using the immunohistochemistry staining in the tissue samples of LSCC patients. The ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curve was used to determine the most significant cut-off points of expression according to the highest sensitivity and specificity of both the markers to predict the lymph node metastasis in LSCC. Then, the relationship between the clinicopathology features and the expression of MMP-9 and CCR7 was evaluated. Results: The expression of both MMP-9 and CCR7 was significantly correlated with the lymph node metastasis in LSCC (P<0.001). Furthermore, CCR7 expression exhibited the highest prediction accuracy (AUC 95.7%) and sensitivity (100%) in predicting the lymph node metastasis in LSCC compared to that of MMP-9 (AUC 92.9%, sensitivity 90%). We also found that patients with larger tumor size (> 4 cm) had significantly higher expression of MMP-9 and CCR7 (P<0.002 and P<0.001, respectively). The Elevated expression level of CCR7 statistically correlated with higher MMP-9 expression (P<0.001). Conclusion: MMP-9 and CCR7 might be beneficial as predictors of lymph node metastasis in LSCC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-172
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Pathology
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • CCR7
  • Laryngeal Squamous Carcinoma
  • Lymph Node Metastasis
  • MMP-9

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