Mixed pyrolysis of rice straw waste and oil palm empty fruit bunch to produce furfural compounds

Merinda Innayah Fawwazita, Jessica, Setiadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

High availability of biomass waste that is unutilized can become valuable furfural through pyrolysis. Rice straw and oil palm empty fruit bunch have huge potential due to their amount and composition, in which both biomasses contain more than 50% of cellulose and hemicellulose. This work aims to investigate the effects of pyrolyzing biomasses mixture to produce furfural, therefore creating a more flexible process of waste treatment using pyrolysis without waste segregation. This research's objective is to analyze the furfural produced by pyrolysis with an inert gas flow rate between 85-90 mL/minute, a variation of biomasses mass ratio up to a total of 2.5 gram, and also a variation of operating temperature from 450-550°C. The results show that co-pyrolysis of biomass mixture does not affect the conversion, furfural mass, and activation energy significantly (<15%), compared to individual biomass pyrolysis. Furthermore, the research shows that pyrolysis does not undergo significant mass reduction after 35 minutes. The optimum temperature for the production of furfural is 500°C.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2020
EditorsRidho Irwansyah, Muhammad Arif Budiyanto
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735441286
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2021
Event5th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2020 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Oct 202030 Oct 2020

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2376
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Tropical Renewable Energy Conference, i-TREC 2020
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period29/10/2030/10/20

Keywords

  • Co-pyrolysis
  • furfural
  • oil palm empty fruit bunch
  • rice straw

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