Mining Management of Nonmetallic Minerals and Rocks Based on Government Policy

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This study discusses government policy, focusing on political-ecological commitment to licensing and tax collection for non-metallic mineral and rock mining, which is spread across almost 30 regional government areas in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Based on existing data, there are 700 mines that are not licensed, operate freely and without supervision by the government, causing serious environmental damage and state financial losses from the mining tax sector. The research method uses qualitative with purposive (exclusive) sampling and field studies. The research results showed that the commitment to managing permits and taxation of non-metal minerals and rocks continues to be problematic, and includes the non-implementation of supervision of mining permits and tax collection and the lack of special policies and handling procedures by regional and central governments. Handling internal mining governance policies and the monitoring process requires assistance from law enforcement officials such as the Regional Police and Corruption Eradication Commission to prevent fraud in granting mining business permits. Through this assistance mechanism, examples of sustainable mining monitoring and supervision will be produced that are useful for the government so that mining business actors can continue to be supervised with official permits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-181
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Impacts
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • environmental
  • non-metal rocks and minerals
  • safety
  • stakeholders
  • supervision


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