Purpose: To develop a minimal physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (mPBPK) model in quantifying the relationships between the charge and pharmacokinetics (PK) of therapeutic monoclonal IgG antibody (TMAb). Methods: PK data used in this study were native IgG and five humanized anti-HCVE2-IgG antibodies in rats. Different models that related the effect of charge on interstitial distribution, transcapillary transport, and cellular uptake for FcRn-mediated metabolism were tested. External validation was conducted to assess if the charge-parameter relationships derived from rats could be used to predict the PK of TMAbs in mice. The final mPBPK model was used to construct the relationships between the FcRn binding and charge on the PK of TMAbs. Results: Increasing the isoelectric point (pI) of IgG was associated with higher interstitial space distribution and cellular uptake. The transcapillary transport of IgG from plasma to interstitial space remains constant with pI values below 7.96 and then increased linearly with pI. The model-based simulation results suggested that improving the FcRn binding affinity can overcome the problems of low plasma/interstitial space exposures associated with TMAbs with higher pI values by reducing the FcRn-mediated metabolism and hence increasing drug exposure in the interstitial space that has close contact with many solid tumors. Conclusions: The final mPBPK model was developed and used to construct complex quantitative relationships between the pI/FcRn binding affinity and PK of TMAbs and such relationships are useful to select the discovery of a “sweet spot” of designing future generation of TMAbs with optimal PK properties to achieve desirable plasma and tissue drug exposures.
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 4 Mar 2022|