Microscopical Evaluation and TLC Analysis of Pluchea indica (L.) Less: Leaf, Stem, and Root

Ni Putu Ermi Hikmawanti, Fadlina Chany Saputri, Arry Yanuar, Ratih Asmana Ningrum, Abdul Mun’im, Hayati Hayati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pluchea indica (L.) Less is traditionally utilized to treat postpartum women in Indonesia. The plant has many pharmacological properties, so that it can be further developed as herbal medicine. In that development process, plant authentication is needed to ensure the quality of raw materials. A simple microscopical and thin-layer chromatography (TLC) analysis might be a way to authenticate the plant, but it has never been reported. So, this study evaluates the microscopical and TLC analysis for P. indica authentication in standardized herbal medicines production. Plant microscopic observation, fluorescence analysis, and polyphenol screening were conducted. n-Hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol extracts of plant organs were then analyzed by TLC. Here, we reported that in microscopical analysis the simplicia of P. indica contains trichomes and tannin-containing cells. In addition, chlorogenic acid as a marker was present in TLC analysis by ethyl acetate-water-formic acid-acetic acid (8.5:1.5:1:1, v/v). The results of this evaluation might provide additional information in the identification, authentication, and quality control of P. indica as a raw material for herbal medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalHAYATI Journal of Biosciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • anatomy
  • beluntas
  • herbal drugs
  • phenolic
  • quality control
  • TLC


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