Microneedle-Mediated Transdermal Delivery of Genetic Materials, Stem Cells, and Secretome: An Update and Progression

Avelia Devina Calista Nainggolan, Qonita Kurnia Anjani, Pietradewi Hartrianti, Ryan F. Donnelly, Arief Kurniawan, Delly Ramadon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Medical practitioners commonly use oral and parenteral dosage forms to administer drugs to patients. However, these forms have certain drawbacks, particularly concerning patients’ comfort and compliance. Transdermal drug delivery presents a promising solution to address these issues. Nevertheless, the stratum corneum, as the outermost skin layer, can impede drug permeation, especially for macromolecules, genetic materials, stem cells, and secretome. Microneedles, a dosage form for transdermal delivery, offer an alternative approach, particularly for biopharmaceutical products. In this review, the authors will examine the latest research on microneedle formulations designed to deliver genetic materials, stem cells, and their derivatives. Numerous studies have explored different types of microneedles and evaluated their ability to deliver these products using preclinical models. Some of these investigations have compared microneedles with conventional dosage forms, demonstrating their significant potential for advancing the development of biotherapeutics in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2767
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • biopharmaceutics
  • genetic materials
  • microneedles
  • secretome
  • stem cell


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