Mental Health and Psychosocial Support Online-Based Services To Improve Elderly Integrity and Reduce Loneliness During the Pandemic Covid-19

Thika Marliana, Budi Anna Keliat, Kurniawan Kurniawan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic impacted the mental health of the elderly around the world. The consequences of social distancing during the pandemic increase loneliness, and it can be a barrier to achieving integrity in the elderly. This study aimed to identify the incident of mental-emotional disorder, level of loneliness, the achievement of psychosocial developmental tasks through mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS). Methods: It used a Quasi-experimental pre-post-test with a control group involving 106 respondents. The research location was in Java Island. De Jong Giervield instrument used for the lonely variable, and The Accepting Past Scale (ACPAST) for measuring integrity. The MHPSS was given for eight weeks. Results: Regression analysis showed a significant difference in the decreasing mental-emotional disorder and level of loneliness in the intervention group (p value≤ 0,005) compared to the control group. The elderly achieved a more meaningful understanding of life (p value≤0,005) after completing the MHPSS. Conclusion: Although the elderly are constrained by the age factor and the ability to use gadgets, it turns out that online-based interventions can reduce the level of loneliness and stimulate the achievement of psychosocial development tasks. Researchers suggest developing elderly-friendly online-based interventions so that they can still have access to health services even in a pandemic situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Loneliness
  • Mental health
  • MHPSS
  • Psychosocial nursing

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