Menglongshi or 'misty poetry' (also translated as 'obscure poetry')is one kind of Chinese poems created by young poets who experienced the CulturalRevolution in 1970s. The emergence of a new style of poetry which is different fromthe previous styles marked a new era of poetry writing in China. Its uniqueness liesin wordplay, metaphor, synesthesia, and symbols whose meanings cannot be easilyidentified. The misty poem also drew the cautious attention of the Chinese government,because the symbols and sequence of sentences were suspected to contain thoughtswhich are considered not in accordance with the government's policies. Bei Dao and GuCheng were known as two of the most important misty poets. This paper analyzes twopoems by Bei Dao and two poems by Gu Cheng in terms of their intrinsic elements, suchas imagery and language style in order to interpret their meaning. Furthermore, in orderto provide more supporting evidence, this research also analyzes the poems' extrinsicelements to identify their respective meanings in a more comprehensive way. Therefore,the explanation for the occurrence of Cultural Revolution is a very important finding in thisresearch. This study sought to explain the important role of misty poems in explaining theCultural Revolution by examining Bei Dao and Gu Cheng's works.
- misty poems; menglongshi; Cultural Revolution; Gu Cheng; BeiDao