Medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry in Indonesia

Fransiska Kaligis, Ribka Hillary, Nabilla Merdika Putri Kusuma, Helisa Rachel Patricie Sianipar, Camilla Sophi Ramadhanti, Ardi Findyartini, Madhyra Tri Indraswari, Clarissa Cita Magdalena, Garda Widhi Nurraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nearly two-thirds of psychiatric patients are reluctant to seek help from healthcare professionals due to stigma, discrimination, and negligence that evolve around the community, including healthcare providers. Future health professionals should have a positive attitude toward psychiatry and patients with mental health problems. Thus, it is vital to identify medical students' attitudes toward psychiatry as future healthcare providers. The authors conducted a cross-sectional study by using online questionnaires of "Perceptions of Psychiatry"in Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, with first- and fourth-year students (before psychiatric rotation), as well as fifth-year students and alumni (after psychiatric rotation). Out of 250 questionnaires distributed, 224 subjects responded, with a response rate 89.6%. Chisquare or fisher analysis was conducted to know the correlation between gender and attitudes towards psychiatry. The frequency distribution method was applied to identify the degree of stigmatization from respondents. A mix of positive and negative perceptions towards psychiatry was identified. The overall response was favorable to both before and after psychiatric rotation groups. Differences in perceptions between male and female psychiatry students as a discipline and career were statistically significant. Correcting misapprehension and removing the stigma on psychiatry during medical education might decrease the stigma in the psychiatric field and patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0265605
JournalPloS one
Volume17
Issue number3 March
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

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