Medical Management of Kidney Stones: a review

Jody Felizio, Widi Atmoko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The incidence of kidney stone disease has been rising in past decades. The prevalence has doubled in both genders, and the prevalence ratio is shrinking from 3.4 to 1.3 between males and females. This condition greatly impacts individuals, the health care system, and socioeconomic levels. Kidney stone diseases are related to various risk factors and medical conditions. A detailed diagnosis through history taking, urinalysis, metabolic evaluation, and stone analysis is important to direct the therapy approach. The therapy in managing kidney stone diseases comprises dietary and pharmacological treatment. In addition to general advice on sufficient fluid intake, citrate intake, maintaining ideal body weight, and restricting sodium and animal protein, the therapy should be adjusted based on the specific type of stones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-136
Number of pages10
JournalBali Medical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • kidney stone dietary therapy
  • kidney stone pharmacological therapy
  • Kidney stones
  • medical management


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