Masticatory Ability and Nutritional Status in Elderly Population

Anindita Prima Dewi Putri, Ratna Sari Dewi, David Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Age-related changes in oral health may lead to impaired masticatory function. This phenomenon may affect food selection and nutrient intake and lead to malnutrition. Previous studies showed different relationships between masticatory performance and nutritional status. However, similar studies are still limited in Indonesia, especially among the elderly population. To analyze the relationship between masticatory ability and nutritional status using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) among the elderly and the relationship between masticatory ability and nutritional status among the elderly based on the loss of teeth (Eichner Index), denture wearing, and other sociodemographic factors (gender, educational level, and economic status). A cross-sectional study was conducted from 100 patients (age ≥ 60 years) at the Kramat Jati Sub-district Health Center. Subject data was obtained, oral examinations were performed, subject heights and weights were measured, and subjects were interviewed regarding their masticatory abilities and nutritional statuses. There was a significant relationship between masticatory ability and nutritional status (p = 0.009). Significant relationships were also found between two variables: female gender (p = 0.040) and not wearing dentures (p = 0.014). This study shows a relationship between masticatory ability and nutritional status among the elderly population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1397-1404
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of International Dental and Medical Research
Volume13
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • elderly
  • Masticatory ability
  • nutritional status

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