Marriage or childbearing: Determinants of women's employment in Indonesia

Diahhadi Setyonaluri, Yukari Shirota

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Research shows that gender norm that asserts women's role at home after marriage and childbearing continue to become barrier for women to work. However, little is known to what extent are marriage and presence of children affect women's decision to quit work. This research examines the relationship between transitioning into marriage and childbearing and the likelihood of a woman to exit from employment. Visualization using Wolfram Mathematica used to detect which event, marriage or childbearing or their combination, have contributed to women's decision for employment exit. This study also using visualization to explore the commonalities of women who did not work from National Socioeconomic Survey 2017. The result show weak correlation between number of children, age at first pregnancy with female labour force participation. A statistical analysis, called discrete-time hazard analysis, is also conducted to determine the association between marriage and presence of children on women's decision to quit employment, using the Indonesian Family Life Survey 1993, 1997, 2000, 2007 and 2014. Both visualization and statistical analysis results confirm that entering marriage and second childbirth are the main factors that contribute to women's employment exit in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2019 IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference, R10-HTC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728108346
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019
Event2019 IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference, R10-HTC 2019 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 12 Nov 201914 Nov 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference, R10-HTC
Volume2019-November
ISSN (Print)2572-7621

Conference

Conference2019 IEEE Region 10 Humanitarian Technology Conference, R10-HTC 2019
CountryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period12/11/1914/11/19

Keywords

  • Childbearing
  • Employment
  • Marriage
  • Women

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